Born out of the 20th century Progressive Movement, early scouting foundations wanted to create places for young men to take part in mental, physical, social, and religious development, and have opportunities to serve the social welfare of their communities. By the 1980s, the Boy Scouts of America was an almost entirely white organization that instilled order and discipline into young men. In a nation whose national religion was the ethos of WWII, such an organization could not be allowed to stand.
The ACLU flexed on the BSA in the 90s and 00s with dozens of lawsuits, complete with pro bono representation by Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen, and Hamilton. The lawsuits were followed by a corporate divestment, boycott, and sanctions style deplatforming campaign by Levi Strauss, Chase Bank, Fleet Bank, Pew Charitable Trust, Merck, UPS, Intel, Lockheed Martin, Chipotle, Mitt Romney, and Barack Obama. Former Secretary of Israeli Defense Robert Gates put the final nail in the coffin, gaslighting scoutmasters into believing that enrollment was falling because of lack of inclusivity, not cultural/demographic shifts.
Today, the Boy Scouts of America, now re-branded Scouts BSA, is in the throes of Chapter 11 Bankruptcy, rife with pedophilia, and in a downward spiral.
Full episode here.